Catuaba (Erythroxylum Catuaba)
Erythroxylum catuaba is a vigorous-growing, small tree that produces yellow and orange flowers and small, dark yellow, oval-shaped, inedible fruit. It grows in the northern part of Brazil in Amazonas, Para, Pernambuco, Bahia, Maranhao, and Alagoas.
Catuaba has a long history of use in herbal medicine as an aphrodisiac. The Tupi Indians in Brazil first discovered the aphrodisiac qualities of the plant and over the last few centuries they have composed many songs praising its wonders and abilities.
Catuaba is considered a central nervous system stimulant with aphrodisiac properties. A bark decoction is commonly used for sexual impotency, agitation, nervousness, nerve pain and weakness, poor memory or forgetfulness, and sexual weakness. According to Dr. Meira Penna, catuaba "functions as a stimulant of the nervous system, above all when one deals with functional impotence of the male genital organs... it is an innocent aphrodisiac, used without any ill effects at all." and "there is no evidence of side effects, even after long-term use."
Rizer XL's™ team determined the claims of Catuaba were in fact accurate and incorporated it in the formulation to radically raise libido and sexual desire.
Catuaba is effective in:
Scientific Literature and References
1. F. ROSAS & C. A. DOMÍNGUEZ "Male sterility, fitness gain curves and the evolution of gender specialization from distyly in Erythroxylum havanense" Journal of Evolutionary Biology Volume 22 Issue 1, Pages 50 – 59 Published Online: 22 Sep 2008
2. Cristina Daolio 1 *, Flávio L. Beltrame 1, Antonio G. Ferreira 1, Quezia B. Cass 1, Diógenes Aparício Garcia Cortez 2, Márcia M. C. Ferreira "Classification of commercial Catuaba samples by NMR, HPLC and chemometrics" Phytochemical Analysis Volume 19 Issue 3, Pages 218 – 228 Published Online: 21 Sep 2007
3. SYLENE DEL-CARLO and SILVANA BUZATO "Male sterility and reproductive output in distylous Erythroxylum suberosum (Erythroxylaceae)" Biological Journal of the Linnean Society Volume 88 Issue 3, Pages 465 – 474 Published Online: 15 Jun 2006
4. Rolim, A.; et al. (2006) "Total flavonoids quantification from O/W emulsion with extract of Brazilian plants." International Journal of Pharmaceutics Vol. 308(1-2): p. 107-114.
5. Satoh, M. (2000): "Cytotoxic constituents from Erythroxylum catuaba. Isolation and cytotoxic activities of cinchonain." Natural Medicines Vol. 54(2): p. 97–100
6. Mello, J.C.P.; Marques, L.C.; Dias, R.F.; Rebecca, M.A.; Peres, P.G.P. (1996): "Contribuição ao esclarecimento da identidade botânica da droga vegetal Catuaba. In: XIV Simpósio de Plantas Medicinais do Brasil." XIV Simpósio de Plantas Medicinais do Brasil, 17-20 Setembro 1996, Florianópolis: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, p. 52-52.
7. Lagos, Jessé B.; Miguel, Obdulio Gomes; Duarte, Márcia do Rocio (2007): "Caracteres anatômicos de catuaba (Trichilia catigua A. Juss., Meliaceae)." Acta Farmaceutica Bonaerense, Vol. 26, p. 185-190
8. Kletter, C.; Glasl, S.; Presser, A.; Werner, I.; Reznicek, G.; Narantuya, S.; Cellek, S.; Haslinger, E.; Jurenitsch, J. (2004): "Morphological, chemical and functional analysis of catuaba preparations." Planta Medica Vol. 70(10): p. 993-1000
9. Glasl, S.; Presser, A.; Werner, I.; Haslinger, E.; Jurenitsch, J. (2004): "Erratum to Tropane alkaloids from a Brazilian bark traded as "Catuaba"." Scientia Pharmaceutica 72: p. 97.