Hawthorn Berry Crataegus Oxycantha
Hawthorn ( Crataegus species ) is a small tree or shrub and a member of the rose family. Considered a "cardiotonic" herb or heart tonic, the flowers and berries of the hawthorn plant were used in traditional medicine to treat irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, chest pain, hardening of the arteries, and heart failure. Hawthorn is commonly used to strengthen the heart.
Our researcher's isolated two substances from the Hawthorn plant, flavonoids and oligomeric procyanidins (OPCs) - which contribute to hawthorn's beneficial effects on the heart. Flavonoids help dilate blood vessels, improve blood flow, and protect the blood vessels from damage. Both flavonoids and OPCs have impressive antioxidant effects.
Antioxidants are substances that destroy free radicals - damaging compounds in the body that alter cell membranes, tamper with DNA, and even cause cell death.
Hawthorn berries provide a significant boost in safely increasing the heart health thereby improving the output of blood it is able to pump. The efficiency of the heart contributes to increasing the erection strength and size while lowering bad cholesterol keeping your heart healthy and active.
Hawthorn Berry is effective in:
Scientific Literature and References
1. Zick SM, Gillespie B, Aaronson KD. "The effect of Crataegus oxycantha Special Extract WS 1442 on clinical progression in patients with mild to moderate symptoms of heart failure." Eur J Heart Fail. 2008 Jun;10(6):587-93. Epub 2008 May 19
2. Klara Brixius1, 3, Sonja Willms1, Andreas Napp1, Paschalios Tossios2, Dennis Ladage1, Wilhelm Bloch3, Uwe Mehlhorn2 and Robert H. G. Schwinger "Crataegus Special Extract WS® 1442 Induces an Endothelium-Dependent, NO-mediated Vasorelaxation via eNOS-Phosphorylation at Serine 1177" Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 21 June 2006
3. Emanuela Martino 1, Simona Collina 2 *, Daniela Rossi 2, Deborah Bazzoni 2, Raffaella Gaggeri 2, Francesco Bracco 1, Ornella Azzolina 2 "Influence of the extraction mode on the yield of hyperoside, vitexin and vitexin-2 -O-rhamnoside from Crataegus monogyna Jacq. (hawthorn)" Phytochemical Analysis Volume 19 Issue 6, Pages 534 – 540 Published Online: 10 Jul 2008
4. Furey A, Tassell M. "Towards a systematic scientific approach in the assessment of efficacy of an herbal preparation: Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.)." Eur J Heart Fail. 2008 Dec;10(12):1153-7. Epub 2008 Nov 8.
5. Akila M, Devaraj H. Vascul "Synergistic effect of tincture of Crataegus and Mangifera indica L. extract on hyperlipidemic and antioxidant status in atherogenic rats" Pharmacol. 2008 Oct-Dec;49(4-6):173-7. Epub 2008 Aug 8.
6. Ricardo Tabach *, Eliana Rodrigues, E. A. Carlini "Preclinical toxicological assessment of a phytotherapeutic product - CPV (based on dry extracts of Crataegus oxyacantha L., Passiflora incarnata L., and Valeriana officinalis L.)" Phytotherapy Research Volume 23 Issue 1, Pages 33 – 40 Published Online: 1 Dec 2008
7. Salehi S, Long SR, Proteau PJ, Filtz TM. "Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna Jacq.) extract exhibits atropine-sensitive activity in a cultured cardiomyocyte assay. " Nat Med (Tokyo). 2009 Jan;63(1):1-8. Epub 2008 Aug 12.
8. ALPHA, EVEREST, FUSION II, VALIDD, PARR-2, REMODEL, SPICE, COURAGE, COACH, REMADHE, "Clinical trials update from the American College of Cardiology 2007 pro-BNP for the evaluation of dyspnoea and THIS-diet. Cleland JG, Coletta AP, Clark AL. Eur J Heart Fail. 2007 Jun-Jul;9(6-7):740-5. Epub 2007 May 3.